Genitive prepositions

There is a small group of prepositions which take the genitive case. They are:

  • innerhalb - within/on the inside of
  • auβerhalb - on the outside
  • anstatt or statt - instead of
  • trotz - despite, in spite of
  • während - during
  • wegen - because of

Any articles, pronouns or adjectives following them have to be in the genitive case, eg:

Definite article - the

  • der > des (m) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • die > der (f)
  • das > des (nt) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • die > der (pl)

Indefinite article - a

  • ein > eines (m) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • eine > einer (f)
  • ein > eines (nt) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows

Demonstrative pronouns

  • dieser > dieses (m) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • diese > dieser (f)
  • dieses > dieses (nt) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • diese > dieser (pl)

'kein' and possessive pronouns

  • kein > keines (m) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • keine > keiner (f)
  • kein > keines (nt) - add -es/-s to the end of the noun that follows
  • keine > keiner (pl)

Examples in use

  • Statt dieser Fußballschuhe will ich die anderen. – Instead of these football boots, I want the others.
  • Trotz des Regens sind wir spazieren gegangen. – Despite the rain we went for a walk.
  • Während der Sommerferien waren wir in der Türkei. – During the summer holidays we were in Turkey.
  • Er muss wegen seines Examens viel arbeiten. – He has to work a lot because of his exam.
  • Ich wohne innerhalb von 300 Metern zur Schule. – I live within 300 meters of the school.
  • Mein Freund wohnt auβerhalb der Groβstadt. – My friend lives outside town.

Question

How would you say these in English?

  • Anstatt eines Mantels hat sie einen Pulli angezogen.
  • Trotz des Preises haben wir im Restaurant gegessen.
  • Während des Konzerts ist er eingeschlafen.
  • Wegen dieser Leute bin ich sehr froh.
  • Anstatt eines Mantels hat sie einen Pulli angezogen. – Instead of a coat she put on a jumper.
  • Trotz des Preises haben wir im Restaurant gegessen. – In spite of the price we ate in the restaurant.
  • Während des Konzerts ist er eingeschlafen. – During the concert he went to sleep.
  • Wegen dieser Leute bin ich sehr froh. – Because of these people I am very happy.

Question

What is the German for these phrases?

  • instead of this book
  • despite the weather
  • during the party
  • because of his parents
  • instead of this book - statt dieses Buches
  • despite the weather - trotz des Wetters
  • during the party - während der Party
  • because of his parents - wegen seiner Eltern

Did you know?

Das Neujahrskonzert der Wiener Philharmoniker is the name of the annual New Year's Day concert performed by the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. The concert has been an annual event since 1939 and is now broadcast live to an estimated 50 million people in 90 countries from the spectacular Musikverein in the Austrian capital Wien (Vienna).

Tickets for the famous concert are always in great demand, and because of the great interest – wegen der großen Interesse – are drawn by lot at the beginning of each year.

A variety of music is played, mainly by Austrian composers such as the Strauss family, Mozart, Schubert and von Suppe. The famous An der schönen blauen Donau by Johann Strauss II is a firm favourite. The final piece is always der Radetzky-Marsch by Johann Strauss I. During the piece – während des Stückes – the audience clap along and stamp their feet under the conductor's direction.

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