The lowland areas across Britain provide an opportunity for different activities. In these areas, ancient glaciers have created fertile plains and rolling landscapes.
Lowland areas provide much more suitable locations than harsh highland areas for building villages, towns and cities. Edinburgh, for example, is situated on the site of an ancient glacier.
Towns displace vegetation and wildlife and transform landscapes. They also create problems such as pollution and water and power consumption.
The more fertile lowlands offer much better opportunities for arable and pastoral farming than the highlands - this creates jobs and helps boost the local economy.
Intensive farming displaces vegetation and wildlife. It also damages the environment through the use of fertilisers, pesticides and weed killers, and may spread disease to animals and humans.