Tourism develops due to natural and man-made factors. It is a global issue with positive and negative effects. Responsible management can minimise the impact of tourism in the 21st century.
What is mass tourism?
When large numbers of people visit the same place at the same time
When large numbers of people visit different places at the same time
When large numbers of people visit the same place at different times
What is a cause of mass tourism?
Reduced holiday pay
Improvements in communications
Less free time
What is a negative impact of mass tourism on people?
Improvements in schools and healthcare
What is a positive impact of mass tourism on the environment?
Blue Flag beaches
Loss of agricultural land
Unnatural looking tourist facilities
What is a feature of eco-tourism?
What does eco-tourism not involve?
Environmental and cultural awareness
Economic benefits for locals
What is not a reason or cause of eco-tourism?
Developing countries generating income from their fragile environments
Environmentally conscious tourists paying to protect the environment
Tour operators in developed countries exploiting fragile environments in developing countries
What is a negative impact of eco-tourism?
Protection of animal habitats
Deforestation of rainforest vegetation
Conservation of plants and trees
How is eco-tourism managed?
Set up National Parks
Limit the number of people per excursion
Encourage locals to cage some animals so people come back
What is a strategy adopted to manage tourism in National Parks in the UK?
Unsurfaced car parks and litter bins
Reducing the number of guides and park rangers
Tourist signs and information leaflets