Tourism strategies

Ecotourism

  • Many governments in developing countries have set up national parks to conserve and protect their fragile environments in order to profit from tourists.
  • Limited numbers of people are allowed to visit certain places. For example, daily numbers are limited on The Inca Trail in Peru to conserve the beautiful landscape and ancient dwellings.
  • Tours have to be small scale. Holiday companies like have maximum group sizes.

Tourism

National and local governments have a responsibility to manage tourism. Strategies will vary depending upon the tourist resort or visitor attraction. Many strategies will apply to all tourist areas, for example:

Coastal resorts

  • Blue Flag Campaign to ensure cleaner beaches.
  • Installation of more sewage treatment plants to minimise the risk of water pollution and diseases.
  • Education – signs up in resorts highlighting the dos and don'ts.
  • Carbon tax to offset carbon emissions from flights to coastal resorts abroad.
  • Holiday reps in resorts advise tourists on responsible tourism.

National parks in the UK

  • Designating areas as national parks can help to conserve them.
  • Park Rangers and guides offer advice to the public.
  • Leaflets and TV adverts help to educate visitors to follow the Outdoor Access Code.
  • Restricted areas to protect fragile landscapes, eg viewing platform at the top of Cairngorm mountain.
  • 'Honeypots' such as picnic spots attract people away from the most fragile areas, eg Malham in the Yorkshire Dales.
  • Traffic calming measures in villages.
  • Park and Ride schemes to reduce the number of cars on the roads.
  • Sign-posted walks to keep people away from fragile areas.
  • Designated cycle routes.
  • Removal of litter bins to encourage tourists to take their litter home and dispose of it.
  • Bird sanctuaries and nature reserves help protect wildlife.
  • Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Sites of Special Scientific Interest are assigned to protect important landscapes and habitats.
  • Organised wildlife safaris in Africa's national parks, eg Kenya.
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