The main bones of the skeleton and their location are shown here:
The vertebral column is divided into five main sections and each contains a specific number of vertebrae.
There are 33 vertebrae in total – the upper 24 vertebrae are articulating and separated from each other - there are seven cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae and five lumbar vertebrae.
The lower nine vertebrae are fused – the sacrum consists of five fused vertebrae and the coccyx is made up of four fused together.
How many bones are there in total in the vertebral column?
5 in the sacrum
4 in the coccyx
Which three bones are found in the arm?
Within the skeleton there are four main types of bone.
|Type of bone||Example in body||Description|
|Long||Femur||Cylindrical in shape and found in the limbs. Their main function is to act as a lever.|
|Short||Carpals||Small and compact, often equal in length and width. These types of bone are designed for strength and weight bearing.|
|Flat||Ribs||Have a flat surface. Their function is for protection for the internal organs of the body.|
|Irregular bones||Vertebrae||Complex individual shapes, variety of functions including protection and muscle attachment.|
Where in the body are the metacarpals found?
One way to remember that carpals and metacarpals are in the wrist and hands is that you use them to drive a 'car' ('car-' is the start of the word 'carpals'). The 't' of tarsals and toes helps you remember tarsals and metatarsals are in the feet.