The word covenant means agreement, such as a contract between two people.
Jews see their relationship with God as a covenant, or an agreement. They believe that God asks them to do certain things, and in return he will take special care of them.
The first covenant began between God and the founder of the Jewish people, Abraham. Abraham was the first person to introduce the idea of monotheism, or the belief in only one God. Before this people worshipped many gods.
Abraham was originally known as Abram, but was renamed Abraham by God which means ‘father of many nations’.
What does the term ‘covenant’ mean?
The term covenant refers to a promise or agreement which is made between two people or groups of people. Jews believe that covenants were made between God and Noah, Abraham and Moses.