Graphs can be used to present data clearly and as a tool to aid calculations in the form of conversion graphs and travel graphs. Sometimes graphs can be used to misrepresent data.

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A conversion graph is used to change one unit into another. This could be changing between miles and kilometres, pounds to a foreign currency, or the cost of a journey based on the number of miles travelled.

**Example 1**

**Be careful, as this method will only work if the graph passes through the point** (\({0} \text{,} {~0}\)).

**Example 2**

Tony’s Taxis calculate the cost of a journey using the following conversion graph.

As you can see from the graph, 0 miles = £2. This is a flat rate added to any journey regardless of the distance travelled.

- Question
How much would a journey of 7 miles cost?

If a journey cost £8, how many miles would you expect to have travelled?

You should show your answer on the graph.

7 miles = £5.50

£8 = 12 miles

As the graph doesn’t pass through (\({0} \text{,} {~0}\)) to undertake a conversion that is outside the scale on the graph a different approach must be taken.

It may be possible to extend the graph further.

We can see from this extended graph that £10 would be the charge for a journey that is 16 miles long.

If it is not possible to extend the graph, we will need to undertake some calculations.

- Question
Calculate the cost of a 30 mile journey.

£17.

- We know that a 0 mile journey costs £2
- We know that a 10 mile journey costs £7
- So each 10 miles travelled costs £7 - £2 = £5
- 30 miles = 10 miles × 3, so the cost of 30 miles = £5 × 3 = £15
- Add on the flat charge of £2 for each journey: £15 + £2 = £17

- Question
Calculate the distance travelled when the journey costs £15.

26 miles.

From the graph we can see that £2 = 0 miles and £3 = 2 miles.

This means that after the flat rate of £2, £1 is added on for every 2 miles.

For a journey costing £15, we can subtract the flat rate of £2 to see that £13 has been added on for distance travelled.

As each £1 accounts for 2 miles: 13 × 2 = 26 miles.