Linking ideas

There will be a number of arguments in a piece of discursive writing. Using linking words effectively can help you achieve this.

These words are usually used at the beginning of a new paragraph, but they can also be used to link ideas within a paragraph.

Type of linkExample
Same line of thoughtfurthermore, likewise, in addition, similarly, also, moreover - numbering your points (‘firstly’, ‘secondly’, etc) is a rather mechanical method of linking and is best avoided
Conclusion or summarythus, therefore, consequently, accordingly, in retrospect, hence, in conclusion, in brief, as a result
Definite statementwithout question, without doubt, unquestionably, absolutely
Contrasting ideayet, on the other hand, nevertheless, however, although, conversely, otherwise, on the contrary
Further examplesbecause, for instance, since, for example, so that, despite the fact that, accordingly, although, if, though, unless


It is important to write formally in a discursive essay. This means you should write in complete sentences, using full words and expressions and standard English. Contractions should be avoided. For example, 'is not' should be used instead of 'isn't'.

It is advisable to try and avoid expressions like 'a lot' or 'lots of'. More formal expressions such as 'many', 'much', 'a number of', or 'numerous' are more suitable for discursive writing.

DoDo not use
Write in proper, complete sentencesAbbreviations (ie/eg/etc/UK)
Use complete words and expressionsContractions (isn't/don't/won't)
Use proper, standard EnglishSlang (bloke/geezer etc)
Colloquial language (mate/bolshy etc)
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