Sometimes, aid can bring long-term problems as well as advantages to the recipient country. The table gives some of the arguments for and against the provision of aid to LEDCs.
|Emergency aid in times of disaster saves lives.||Aid can increase the dependency of LEDCs on donor countries. Sometimes aid is not a gift, but a loan, and poor countries may struggle to repay.|
|Aid helps rebuild livelihoods and housing after a disaster.||Aid may not reach the people who need it most. Corruption may lead to local politicians using aid for their own means or for political gain.|
|Provision of medical training, medicines and equipment can improve health and standards of living.||Aid can be used to put political or economic pressure on the receiving country. The country may end up owing a donor country or organisation a favour.|
|Aid for agriculture can help increase food production and so improve the quality and quantity of food available.||Sometimes projects do not benefit smaller farmers and projects are often large scale.|
|Encouraging aid industrial development can create jobs and improve transport infrastructure.||Infrastructure projects may end up benefiting employers more than employees.|
|Aid can support countries in developing their natural resources and power supplies.||It may be a condition of the investment that the projects are run by foreign companies or that a proportion of the resources or profits will be sent abroad.|
|Projects that develop clean water and sanitation can lead to improved health and living standards.||Some development projects may lead to food and water costing more.|