Social economic issues


There are wide inequalities within schools in the USA. There are differences in exam results and experiences between private schools and public schools.

In 2015, President Obama signed the Every Child Succeeds Act. The law shifts the responsibility of improving schools and exam performance from the federal government to the individual states.

Traditionally, minority groups live in poorer areas. This is one of the reasons why school attainment has overall been worse for children from minority backgrounds.

Children from some minority backgrounds have less chance of gaining the grades to secure entry to university.

For some children and young people, language can be a barrier. Those with parents who do not speak English may have difficulty in communicating with teachers and helping with homework.


Unlike the UK, there is no free at the point of use national health care provision in the USA. Most Americans are expected to provide for their own health care through private insurance.

Those with good insurance have access to some of the best healthcare in the world, but this is very expensive.


Poverty and unemployment can often lead to crime. Deprived areas in the USA are more likely to have higher crime rates. Since those from ethnic minority backgrounds are more likely to live in these areas, they are more likely to experience crime.

Everyone in the USA is equal before the law and entitled to a fair trial. However, many Americans claim that they do not have equal access as lawyers are expensive.

In addition, punishments are not equal. According to the NAACP, African Americans are pursued, convicted, and sent to death at a disproportionally higher rate than any other race. They state that 35% of the individuals executed under the death penalty within the last 40 years have been black.

Employment and income

Employment and income can vary across different groups in the USA. According to a 2019 survey for the pay organisation, payscale, African American men have the largest uncontrolled pay gap relative to white men. They earn $0.87 for every dollar a white man earns.