Materials can be selected based upon their working properties. It is important to know and understand which materials can be used for a specific purpose:
Paper and boards should be selected based upon the purpose for which they will be used. This could include:
Selection criteria could include:
Papers and boards have been developed for a lot of different purposes. Paper and board can be:
As the paper-making process involves cutting down trees to create wood pulp, as well as using harmful chemicals such as bleach, it is important that we can recycle paper and cardboard so that new wood pulp, needed to create paper, is kept to a minimum. Paper is originally made from cellulose fibres found in wood and grasses, which makes them renewable.
Cost is also a consideration when designing, and designers should be able to calculate costs involved. It may be that different providers charge different amounts, and the designer will weigh up the comparison of cost and service before deciding who to use.
A sheet of paper could be priced at 3p per A4 sheet. A manufacturer needing to purchase 1,000 sheets would use the following formula:
Total cost = 1,000 × 0.03 = £30.00
Note unit changed required. The price of each sheet of paper is given in pence, which needs to be converted to pounds.
A designer requires 300 sheets of embossed A4 paper, costing 15p per sheet. What is the total cost?
Total cost = individual price × quantity needed
= 300 × 0.15 = £45.00