Object pronouns

There are two types of object pronouns: direct and indirect.

Direct object pronouns

Direct object pronouns are used to replace a noun that is the direct object of the verb, eg I bought it instead of I bought the book.

teyou (singular - informal)
lohim/it/you (singular - formal)
laher/it/you (singular - formal)
osyou (plural - informal)
los/lasthem/you (plural - formal)

Indirect object pronouns

Indirect object pronouns are used to replace a noun which is not the direct object of the verb, eg I gave it to them.

me(to) me
te(to) you (singular - informal)
le(to) him/it/you (singular - formal)
nos(to) us
os(to) you (plural - informal)
les(to) them/you (plural - formal)

Direct and indirect object pronouns both come in front of the verb. For example:

Lo hice. (I did it.)

Los compré. (I bought them.)

Le escribí. (I wrote to him.)

Los profesores nos dan muchos deberes. (The teachers give a lot of homework to us.)

They can also go at the end of an infinitive, eg voy a comprarlo (I am going to buy it), tenemos que darles un regalo (we have to give a present to them).

If there are two pronouns in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun always comes before the direct object pronoun, eg mis amigos me lo dieron (my friends gave it to me).

Replace the nouns in bold with the correct object pronoun.

  1. Mi hermano tiene el móvil.
  2. Compré los zapatos ayer.
  3. Mando un mensaje a mi amigo.
  4. Voy a comer la manzana.
  5. Hice las tareas domésticas.
  6. Escribo regularmente a mis abuelos.
  1. Mi hermano lo tiene (My brother has it). The direct object pronoun lo replaces the noun el móvil (mobile phone).
  2. Los compré ayer (I bought them yesterday). The direct object pronoun los replaces the noun los zapatos (shoes).
  3. Le mando un mensaje (I send a message to him). The indirect object pronoun le replaces the noun mi amigo (my friend).
  4. Voy a comerla (I am going to eat it). The direct object pronoun la replaces the noun la manzana (apple). In this case, la voy a comer would also be correct.
  5. Las hice (I did them). The direct object pronoun la replaces the noun las tareas domésticas (household chores).
  6. Les escribo regularmente (I write to them regularly). The indirect object pronoun les replaces the noun mis abuelos (my grandparents).