As waves travel, they set up patterns of disturbance.
The amplitude of a wave is its maximum disturbance from its undisturbed position.
The wavelength of a wave is the distance between a point on one wave and the same point on the next wave.
But it doesn't matter where you measure it - as long as it is the same point on each wave.
The symbol for wavelength is the Greek letter lambda, λ.
The frequency of a wave is the number of waves produced by a source each second.
It is also the number of waves that pass a certain point each second.
The unit of frequency is the hertz (Hz).
It is common for kilohertz (kHz), megahertz (MHz) and gigahertz (GHz) to be used when waves have very high frequencies.
(Remember kilo k = 103 mega M = 106 giga G = 109)
The frequency of a wave can be calculated using the equation: