Opposition to the Nazis

Those who spoke out against Hitler and his policies faced intimidation and threats from the Gestapo or imprisonment, and in some cases execution. Hence, there was little open opposition to Hitler.

Why was there little opposition to the Nazis?

  • The 'Night of the Long Knives' had eliminated almost all opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party.
  • All other political parties had been banned in July 1933.
  • Through censorship and propaganda, the Nazis eliminated opposition in the media.
  • Economic opposition was eliminated as trade unions had been banned in May 1933.
  • Germans lived in fear of being denounced by spies, interrogated by the Gestapo and sent to concentration camps.
  • Many Germans genuinely believed that the Nazis were improving Germany. They saw the negative side as a ‘necessary evil’ if Germany was to be great again.

However, there were a few individuals and groups who openly opposed Hitler and his policies. The majority ended up in concentration camps, while many were killed.