Religious changes in Scotland

The 1500s saw religious changes that had a significant impact on Scotland - the Reformation in Europe and the divorce of Henry VIII.

Siobhon Redmond describes the Reformation in Europe 1517 in the video below.

The Reformation in Europe 1517

Martin Luther, a German monk, protested about practices within the Catholic Church.

This protest movement spread throughout Europe, with its supporters being known as Protestants. The movement as a whole was known as the Reformation.

Divorce of Henry VIII

Portrait painting of Anne Boleyn in 1534 wearing costume of the period
Anne Boleyn's marriage to Henry VIII caused a religious outcry

Catholic King, Henry VIII wanted to marry Anne Boleyn, but was married to Catherine of Aragon.In order for him to remarry he would have to break from the Catholic traditions on marriage. This caused great controversy at the time, and major changes to the Church in Scotland and England.

In 1533, Henry VIII broke with the Church and married the now pregnant Anne Boleyn in a secret ceremony. As a result, he was excommunicated by the Pope.

The Act of Supremacy was passed in England in 1534 making King Henry VIII the supreme head of the Church in England.