Genomic sequencing

Genomic sequencing is the process by which the sequence of nucleotide bases is determined for individual genes or even entire genomes.

Computer programs are used to identify base sequences by looking for sequences similar to known genes. This area of research is known as bioinformatics and involves the statistical analysis of sequence data.

This information can be compared with the genes or genomes of other individuals or the genetic information of different species to look for similarities and differences and has uses in many fields, for example:

  • comparison of genomes from different species in research
  • personal genomics and health
  • phylogenetics