Bruce and his supporters continued to fight for Scottish independence:
- He made raids into northern England.
- He sent his brother Edward Bruce to fight the English in Ireland.
Neil Oliver describes Bruce's eventual victory and Scottish independence.
The Declaration of Arbroath and the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
Bruce realised that he would have to secure Scotland’s independence peacefully.
First he had to get support from the Church. In 1320, the nobles of Scotland sent a letter to Pope John XXII to argue for Scotland’s freedom from the English. The letter became known as the 'Declaration of Arbroath' and was important for two main reasons:
- It explained why Scotland should be independent.
- It showed that the nobles supported Bruce as their King.
The Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
- Edward II was a weak King and was eventually deposed in 1327.
- Edward III, still a child at the time, was crowned as the new King of England.
- Bruce used this unstable time to send an invasion force to England.
- As a result, the English had to request a truce.
- In 1328, the two sides signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton.
- Robert the Bruce was recognised as the King of Scots.
- Scottish independence was guaranteed.