Evil of any form can make people question their religious beliefs. Traditional Muslim beliefs often attribute the origin of evil to the refusal of Iblis to bow down to Adam, as told in the Qur’an.
What is moral evil?
The hurt that is caused by human choices
The hurt that follows when the forces that shape the world come into play
Actions that God tells people to do
What is natural evil?
What is meant by 'free will'?
God has given all human beings the right to make their own choices
God forces people to do what he wants
People simply following what their genetic nature makes them do
What is meant by 'fitrah'?
A sense of right and wrong learned from a book
The belief that the devil is always tempting humans
An inner sense of right and wrong given by Allah
Who, or what, is Iblis?
A good presence
Iblis is Shaytan, or the Devil, who tries to tempt humans to do evil
The freedom for humans to do wrong
How does the story of Adam's creation show evil coming into the world?
Adam does not bow to a Jinn
Adam eats a forbidden fruit
Iblis (or Shaytan) disobeys Allah by refusing to bow to Adam and pledges to tempt humans to evil
How do Muslims respond to suffering and evil?
They believe that you just have to ignore suffering and evil
They believe it makes Allah happy
Muslims believe that this life is a test from Allah, and they must endure evil and suffering as a part of this test
How might suffering help Muslims in the afterlife?
It prepares them for punishments in Hell
They believe that the suffering in this life is payment for sin and they will spend less time in Hell in the afterlife
It makes them appreciate death
How should Muslims respond to evil?
Ask someone else to bear it for them
Ignore it and hope it goes away
Ensure justice is done
How might the suffering of others prepare Muslims for Paradise?
It makes them despair and give up trying to help anyone
It gives them a chance to be merciful towards those who are suffering
It turns them away from Allah