Racial inequality

People from ethnic minority groups experience inequality in relation to several factors, including:

  • employment
  • pay
  • wealth
  • qualifications
  • housing


Between April 2015 and March 2015, the unemployment rate among white people was 4.9% while the unemployment rate among people from ethinc minority backgrounds was 10.2%.(House of Commons briefing paper 6385 September 2015).


Ethnic minority groups experience an average 'pay gap' of anything between 10% and 30%. A TUC report shows black graduates are paid, on average, 23% less than their white counterparts. A study published at the start of 2016 by the Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex, found British ethnic minority graduates were between 5% and 15% less likely to be employed than their white British peers six months after graduation.


40% of people from minority groups live in poverty compared to around 20% of the general population (Source JRF).


Although the figures vary considerably across minority groups, evidence suggests some groups, eg black males perform considerably worse.