Relationship between Scotland and England

Jacobite MPs

Scottish Jacobite MPs supported James VII and II until his death in 1701.

After 1701, some supported further military action to restore the Stuarts to the monarchy. They wanted James Francis Edward Stuart (The Old Pretender), son of James VII and II, to become King.

A set of laws passed one after the other by the Scottish and English Parliaments made relations between the two countries worse.

Law passedCountryDetails
Act of Settlement 1701EnglandSaid that if Anne died with no children, the throne would pass into the Hanoverian royal family.
Act of Security 1703ScotlandAnne became queen on William’s death in 1702. This said Scotland would make its own decision about who would be its next monarch.
Act anent Peace and War 1703ScotlandThey passed this law to give the Scottish Parliament, not the monarch, power to declare war.
Wool Act 1703 and Wine Act 1703ScotlandAllowed Scotland to continue to trade with European nations, even when England was at war with them.
Alien Act 1705EnglandIt demanded that the Scottish Parliament accept the Hanoverian succession and begin talks about Union. If it did not, Scots would lose English land and not be allowed to trade in England.

MPs and religion

In the Scottish Parliament, MPs expressed fears for the Presbyterian Church.

They were fearful that some English MPs might change the Scottish Kirk. This could have meant the introduction of archbishops and bishops and a position of power for the monarch within the Church.

The appointment of Commissioners

In 1706 a number of Scottish and English politicians called Commissioners were appointed to discuss proposals for a possible Union of Scotland and England.

They drew up a draft Treaty of Union. The draft Treaty had 25 articles or parts.

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