The Liverpool to Manchester Railway was a much needed link between the two major cities in the northwest for factory owners in Manchester and Lancashire. George Stephenson was commissioned to design and build the line.
Factory owners in Manchester and Lancashire had been upset at the high costs that it took to transport raw materials from the Port of Liverpool to Manchester using the Bridgewater Canal. They wanted a cheaper method of transport so applied for an Act of Parliament to build a rail track between the two major northwest cities. George Stephenson faced - and eventually overcame - a few problems.
The Liverpool to Manchester Railway, completed in 1830, was the first successful railway line to open in Britain.