The rate of a reaction can be increased by adding a suitable catalyst.
Only a very small amount of catalyst is needed to increase the rate of reaction between large amounts of reactants.
A catalyst is specific to a particular reaction:
This table summarises some common catalysts used in industry and the reactions they catalyse:
|Iron||Making ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen|
|Platinum||Making nitric acid from ammonia|
|Vanadium(V) oxide||Making sulfuric acid|