Effectiveness of measures taken to tackle inequalities
Collectivist and functionalist theories suggest different causes of inequality and different solutions. Both the UK and Scottish governments have taken measures to reduce inequality. The Equality Act of 2010 also has a part to play in building greater economic fairness in society.
The Equality Act of 2010 brought all nine previous laws relating to unfair treatment and discrimination together and extended these to other groups as well as women and people from ethnic minority groups.
The Equality Act continues to enforce equal pay and ban all forms of gender and race discrimination.
There are also a number of other policies or programmes to tackle gender and race inequalities in Scotland and the UK including:
The Equality Duty (part of the Equality Act 2010) – Places a responsibility on public authorities to promote equality of opportunity for all disadvantaged groups
Flexible working hours – Every employee now has the right to request flexible working hours after the government extended the right previously reserved for carers and those looking after children
The One Scotland Campaign – The Scottish government's anti-racist campaign
The Scottish government's Race Equality Scheme
Since 2015, changes to parental leave allow more flexibility
Ethnic Minority Employment Task Force aims to tackle unemployment among ethnic minority groups
The Ethnic Minority Employment Stakeholder Group advises government on employment policies as they affect minority groups
Job Fit – A DWP backed pilot programme aimed at getting more people from black and ethnic minority backgrounds into work
March 2018 – New Poverty Figures
1 million in poverty in Scotland
poverty rates for single adult women were higher than for single adult men
poverty rates for minority ethnic groups were higher than for the whites
24% of children in Scotland were living in relative poverty in 2014-17, up 1% on 2013-16
relative pensioner poverty was 13%, up 1% on the previous three-year period