|Natural textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Cotton||Grows on a cotton plant in a ball called a boll, fibres are combed and spun into a yarn||Takes dye well, soft, strong, absorbent, recyclable, used in clothing|
|Wool||Spun from animal fleece such as sheep and alpacas||Can be fine or thick, soft or coarse, takes dye well, warm and crease-resistant, used in clothing and carpets|
|Silk||Made from the cocoon of the silkworm, the only natural fibre that has continuous filament fibres rather than shorter staple fibres||Soft and shiny, drapes well, difficult to wash, expensive, creases easily, used in luxury clothes, underwear and bedding|
|Synthetic textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Polyester||Can be woven or knitted, thick or thin and available in a variety of colours, can be blended with other fibres for better properties (see polycotton)||Strong and versatile, it holds colour and washes well|
|Polyamide (nylon)||Can be woven into many different forms, can be blended, available in a range of colours||Shiny, water resistant, hardwearing, used for parachutes, clothing and sports equipment|
|Elastane||Smooth and stretchy||Hardwearing, quick drying but not biodegradable, used in sportswear and swimsuits|
Blended fibres are mixtures of fibres that combine properties.
|Blended textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Polycotton||Made of polyester fibres and cotton fibres, can be printed or dyed||Easy to wash, cheaper than cotton|
Woven fabrics use a warp and weft yarn on a loom to interlock fibres.
|Woven textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Plain weave||Threads are woven in a simple under one, over one||Simple and cheap, strong and available in different thicknesses, when torn it rips in a straight line|
Non-woven fabrics are webs of fibres that are glued, compressed or melted together.
|Non-woven textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Bonded fabrics||Fibres are visible and random, often has small holes on the surface||Does not fray as it has no grain, not strong|
|Felted fabrics||Randomly matted fibres, often wool, available in many thicknesses and colours||Formed with moisture, heat and pressure, can be shaped as it has no elasticity or drape, used for hat making|
Knitted textiles are made from rows of interlocking loops. They can be made from a variety of fibres, not just wool.
|Knitted textile||Physical properties||Working properties|
|Knitted fabrics||Can be warp knitted (straight lines) or weft knitted (knitted upwards), available in a variety of textures and colours, can have patterns knitted in.||Warm, stretchy and strong, tend to unravel when a hole is made, used in clothing and sportswear|