Unemployment, poverty and persecution caused thousands of people from Ireland, Italy and Eastern Europe to travel to Scotland in search of better lives.
What are push factors?
Factors which attract people to a foreign country
Factors which force people to leave a country
Factors which force people to stay where they are
What are pull factors?
When did the potato blight first hit Ireland?
Which group of immigrants were fleeing from pogroms?
Why were Irish workers willing to work for lower wages than their Scottish counterparts?
The wages were higher than those in Ireland
The Irish hated the Scots and wanted to take their jobs
The Irish did not need a lot of money as they lived in cheaper housing
Why was there food shortages in Italy in the 1800s?
Italy's farmers did not want to sell all of their crops as they needed them to feed their families
Italy had suffered years of war and their farms had been destroyed
Italy lacked agricultural and industrial development as the population had grown greatly
In which part of Scotland did most Irish immigrants settle?
In which part of Scotland did most Italians immigrants first settle?
What was the Brain Drain?
The loss of skilled and professional workers from Scotland
The loss of unskilled labourers from Scotland
The lack of education which Scottish children received in the 1800s
What is urbanisation?
The growth in population of towns and cities
The reduction in population of towns and cities
The growth of population of rural areas