Malaria leads to the deaths of a large number of children aged under five. Adults with malaria are too weak to work which leads to a loss of productivity or to them not being able to produce enough food for their family. Therefore they remain poor and do not have a lot to eat which makes them more vulnerable to disease.
A country's limited resources are used up in health care rather than in education or improving services which hinders development. Tourists may be less likely to visit a country with malaria so there is less money from tourism.
Strategies adopted to manage malaria
Preventions for malaria
A vaccine to cure malaria is still in the early stages of development so most methods are concerned with prevention and focus on either the host (human), or the vector (mosquito).
Mustard seeds in ponds to drag larvae below the surface and drown them.
BTI, a pesticide treatment through coconuts destroy the stomach lining of larvae.
Organisations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) have launched campaigns to eradicate malaria using insecticides and drugs. They also conduct research into finding ways to cure and prevent malaria.