Nature of God

Jews believe they can learn about God and his characteristics from the Tenakh.

According to Jewish belief, God has four main characteristics:
  • One
  • Creator
  • Law-giver
  • Judge

God as one

Judaism is a monotheistic religion. Belief in the oneness of God is central to the Jewish faith. Jews believe that God is the only being who should be worshipped.

The Shema

The Shema is the most important prayer in Judaism. It is the Jewish expression of belief in one God and it teaches how Jews should respect God. It opens with the words:

Hear O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is one.Deuteronomy 6:4

The Shema consists of three passages made up of verses from Numbers and Deuteronomy, the fourth and fifth books of the Torah. Prayer is one of the ways that Jews can experience God’s presence so many Jewish people try to recite the Shema twice a day.

Some Jewish people have a mezuzah on doorposts in their homes as a reminder of the oneness of God. Inside are scrolls which have the Shema written on them.

A mezuzah hangs from the door of a Jewish home