Comedy and tragedy


The comedy genre uses humour as a driving force, with characters and storylines designed to make the audience laugh. Some elements of comedy include:

  • surprise
  • repetition
  • opposite expectations
  • misunderstanding
  • ridicule

It is important to consider what the target audience find funny. Visual humour can be very effective, ie the way a character moves or stands and the gestures or mannerisms they employ.


Tragedy almost always demonstrates some sort of human suffering by the central character, with the intention of invoking catharsis within an audience. Tragic pieces are mostly serious and include an unhappy final scene, eg the downfall or death of a character. It is important to consider whether this would be appropriate for the target audience.