Regular verbs with a spelling change

Spelling changes in the yo form

Some verbs in the preterite tense have a spelling change in the yo (I) form only. Here are some examples:

jugar (to play) → jugué (I played)

llegar (to arrive) → llegué (I arrived)

buscar (to look for) → busqué (I looked for)

pagar (to pay) → pagué (I paid)

empezar (to start) → empecé (I started)

comenzar (to start) → comencé (I started)

practicar (to practise) → practiqué (I practised)

tocar (to touch/play an instrument) → toqué (I touched/played)

organizar (to organise) → organicé (I organised)

Other spelling changes

Some verbs in the preterite have irregular spellings in the third person singular (él/ella/usted) and plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) forms only. Here are some examples:

leer (to read) → leyó, leyeron

caer (to fall) → cayó, cayeron

oír (to hear) → oyó, oyeron

creer (to believe) → creyó, creyeron

construir (to build) → construyó, construyeron

Stem-changing verbs

Stem-changing -ir verbs also have irregular spellings in the third person singular (él/ella/usted) and plural (ellos/ellas/ustedes) forms only. For example:

preferir (to prefer) → prefirió, prefirieron

dormir (to sleep) → durmió, durmieron

repetir (to repeat) → repitió, repitieron

pedir (to ask) → pidió, pidieron

morir (to die) → murió, murieron

servir (to serve) → sirvió, sirvieron

Question

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in the preterite.

  1. Mis amigos _______________ (dormir) muy bien.
  2. Yo _______________ (organizar) mis prácticas laborales.
  3. Paco _______________ (construir) su propia casa.
  4. Mi madre _______________ (caer) en el jardín.
  5. Yo _______________ (llegar) al colegio temprano.
  6. Jimena y Max _______________ (leer) un libro muy interesante.
  1. Mis amigos durmieron muy bien (My friends slept very well).
  2. Yo organicé mis prácticas laborales (I organised my work experience).
  3. Paco construyó su propia casa (Paco built his own house).
  4. Mi madre cayó en el jardín (My mother fell in the garden).
  5. Yo llegué al colegio temprano (I arrived at school early).
  6. Jimena y Max leyeron un libro muy interesante (Jimena and Max read a very interesting book).