The most immediate consequence of poverty is not having enough nutritious food to eat. Around 850 million people, 15.5% cent of the world’s population are malnourished. Hunger and the risk of famine remain very high in sub-Saharan Africa and in Southern Asia outside of India. Nearly one child in five under the age of five in the developing world is underweight.
Today 863 million people are now estimated to be living in slums compared to 760 million in 2000 and 650 million in 1990. Of the world's population, 11% or 783 million people remain without access to clean drinking water. In India 626 million people, in China 14 million people and 7 million people in Brazil have no inside toilet facilities.
Children from the poorest households are three times as likely to be out of school as those from the richest households. Those who miss out on education are often unable to read or write, restricting their options in life and making it extremely difficult to escape poverty.
Children born into poverty are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five as those from wealthier families.