After World War One the Treaty of Versailles was damaging to Germany and its economy. The Nazis took advantage of these difficulties to gain support.
Why was Germany forced to surrender in 1918?
They had been defeated by Britain, France and the USA
They were fed up with war and did not want to continue
They had run out of raw materials and there was a blockade of German ports
Why did many Germans feel that they had been 'stabbed in the back' in 1919?
German representatives had signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919
Germany had lost the war by 1919
The Kaiser had abdicated, leaving Germany without a king
What was the name of the new German government that replaced the Kaiser?
The Weimer Republic
What was Article 48 of the constitution?
It allowed for the army to take control of Germany in an emergency
It allowed the President to take control of Germany in an emergency
It allowed the largest political party to take control of Germany in an emergency
Which group led a revolt against the German Government in January, 1919?
The Catholic Party
The Nazi Party
The Spartacists were led by Karl Leibknecht and which other person?
Who did the German Government use to crush the revolt?
Why did the French and Belgians invade the Ruhr in 1923?
They had run out of raw materials and wanted to take some from Germany
Germany had missed reparations payments in 1922
They were angry at Germany for starting WWI and wanted to take over their land
The German workers in the Ruhr went on strike. How could they afford to do this?
The companies that they worked for decided to keep paying them
They could not afford this and soon were living in poverty
The German Government printed more money in order to pay them
What was hyper-inflation?
When the German currency lost all its value
When the German government changed the currency
When the German currency increased in value
How was hyper-inflation brought under control in 1924?
A new currency was introduced and the Young Plan was agreed
A new currency was introduced and the Dawes Plan was agreed
The Dawes Plan and the Young Plan were agreed
What was the Nazis aim during the Munich Putsch?
To overthrow the German government
To install Hitler as Chancellor of Germany
To overthrow the Bavarian government
Where did Hitler force the Bavarian politicians to support the Nazis, during the putsch?
In a beer hall in Munich
In the Bavarian government headquarters in Munich
In the streets of Munich
What was Hitler charged with after the Putsch?
Trying to start a war
How long did Hitler spend in Landsberg Prison?