The German Government agreed to sign the Treaty of Versailles in June 1919, to make peace.
This action was very unpopular in Germany.
Leaders of the German military did not admit that they would be beaten on the battlefield, or did not want to take responsibility for this. They placed the blame for defeat on the politicians who agreed the treaty. They claimed these officials had 'stabbed Germany in the back' by ending the war.
Several of the politicians who signed the treaty were leaders of the Weimar government. Their opponents began to call them the 'November Criminals' and accused them of betraying the German army and people.
The terms of the Treaty were very damaging to Germany for a number of reasons:
The link to the armistice and Treaty of Versailles had serious repercussions for the Weimar Government.
The accusations surrounding the ‘November Criminals’ and the ‘Stab in the Back’ claims, were used in many of Hitler's speeches in order to discredit the government.