Knowing God through religious texts - Hinduism

There are many sacred writings in Hinduism. The texts are a type of general revelation. Many Hindus believe that some of these texts were ‘heard’ by rishis (Hindu scholars who have studied and teach the scriptures).

Many Hindus believe the most important sacred texts are the Vedas (the oldest Hindu scriptures). There are four Vedas still used by Hindus today:

  • Sama Veda – a collection of poems that are chanted or sung
  • Rig Veda – a collection of hymns dedicated to the ancient gods, eg Vayu (god of the wind) and Agni (god of fire)
  • Atharva Veda – charms and spells for preservation and success, also some ancient hymns and some philosophy
  • Yajur Veda – details about the performance of priestly rituals

Other important sacred texts include the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita.

All of these texts are highly respected by Hindus. They reveal something about the nature of Brahman and reality, and they provide guidance about how to behave in this life in order to attain moksha.

I am the atman seated in the hearts of all beings; I am the beginning, the middle and also the end of all beings.Bhagavad Gita 10:20