Negative economic impact


Many Scots were unhappy about the fact that the Equivalent remained unpaid for several years.

Scottish manufacturers suffered from English competition due to increased taxation on Scottish trade.

Textiles , paper and linen manufacturers found that they suffered from English competition and increased taxes. As a result of increased goods duties, there was also an increase in smuggling of goods into Scotland.


After 1707, new taxes raised the prices of Scottish goods which benefited English manufacturers.

Duties on linen in 1711 and 1715, and the Soap Act of 1714 upset many people in Scotland. The Salt Tax of 1711 was especially unpopular and resulted in riots.

When a malt tax was proposed in 1713 riots broke out all over Scotland.

As a result of increased goods duties, there were attacks on customs officers and an increase in the smuggling of goods into Scotland.

Effects of modernisation

During the 1720s there was much unrest as a result of enclosures replacing runrig systems (an effect of English influence on Scotland).

There were outbreaks of fence-smashing by labourers who had fallen on hard times through not being able to afford enclosures.