Tanzania is a LIC in East Africa. 14 million people in Tanzania have no access to safe water. 27 million people have no access to toilets. The two issues are linked, because a lack of toilet facilities allows faeces and bacteria to enter water that it used for drinking and cooking. This causes diarrhoea, which kills over 7,000 children per year in Tanzania.
The Mtumba approach is a sustainable approach to water management, named after the village of Mtumba in Tanzania. The aim of the Mtumba approach is to build toilets for Tanzanian villagers. This prevents faeces and bacteria entering drinking water. The charity WaterAid provides training for locals so that they are able to build their own toilets. All decisions about the type and design of toilet are made by community members and the materials are affordable. WaterAid also educate people about toilet hygiene like handwashing.
The Mtumba project has brought many benefits:
The Mtumba project is small-scale and so it only helps a limited number of people. However, it is sustainable and so the positive impacts should continue to benefit people.