The photographic process allows an image to be reproduced using light.
This process has developed over many years to now enable mass production and sharing of images through magazines, posters, fine art pictures, advertising etc.
Photographic techniques include traditional (analogue) photography, digital photography and camera-less photography.
Whatever camera you use, it's useful to put on its manual setting rather than using it in automatic mode. This puts you in control of the aperture, focus and shutter speed which gives you more control over the final photograph.
There are many different genres of photography, including studio, portrait, fashion, landscape, street photography, documentary, wildlife and macro (close up) photography. There are specific skills and considerations you need to think about to take successful photos in each genre.
Using a tripod will help prevent blurry wildlife images of moving or distant animals. Even although you might not be able to get close to your subject, you can still experiment with different depth of field and lighting effects when using a long lens.
Choosing the right lens and distance from your subject is key for macro images. Experimenting with depth of field can help show the whole subject in great detail or highlight a key area against softened surroundings.
With landscape photographs it is important to think carefully about your viewpoint and how wide a composition you want.
Try working at different times of day and in different lighting conditions. Including a focal point will help make sure your photos have interest and impact.