Verbs

Past and future tense of regular verbs

Forming the past and future tenses of verbs in Gaelic is straightforward on the whole. If you know the root of a verb, then you can form other tenses.

The future tense

To form the future tense:

  • When the last vowel of the root form is a broad vowel (a, o, u) - for example, gabh - you simply add -aidh after the root so gabh becomes gabhaidh
  • When the last vowel of the root form is a narrow vowel (e, i) - for example, coisich - you simply add -idh after the root so coisich becomes coisichidh

Examples

Last vowel is a broad vowel

Last vowel is a broad vowel
RootMeaningFuture tense
gabhtakegabhaidh
laslightlasaidh
òldrinkòlaidh
pòsmarrypòsaidh
toglifttogaidh
Last vowel is a narrow vowel
RootMeaningFuture tense
brisbreakbrisidh
cuirputcuiridh
dùinclosedùinidh
millspoilmillidh
suidhsitsuidhidh