Unemployment

Unemployed people looking at job advertisements in the city of Shenzhen, China
Unemployed people looking at job advertisements in the city of Shenzhen, China

According to the Chinese government, unemployment is low (4% of all workers). But many argue the true number of jobless is much higher.

One explanation for China's low unemployment figures is that millions of workers, who have left their villages and towns to seek work in the cities, do not have a permanent address. This means they are not counted in official unemployment figures.

In response to growing unemployment levels the Chinese government continues to make economic growth a priority. A growing economy means greater demand for workers who provide goods and services. This helps keep unemployment down.

Economic growth in China has slowed in recent times but for the majority of the last 20 years it has been far higher than in the UK, Europe or the USA.

The Chinese government has reduced the permit system that used to restrict people's movements. This is supposed to make it easier for individuals to find work. They have also encouraged and supported entrepreneurs and businesses to find new markets for Chinese goods overseas.