Before writing your answer, it is important that you plan it carefully. You must ensure that all the points you make are relevant to the question and that you are hitting the Assessment Objectives.
In your plan indicate how you are going to support your idea, what textual references you are going to use - preferably direct quotations.
Below is a structure you could use for your answer:
If we take the second point in detail - the inequality of the animals’ current situation - we should be able to find some answers.
In his speech, Old Major makes the animals question their lives, he says 'what is the nature of this life of ours?'. This makes the animals think about their position on the farm and wonder whether they are equal to the humans, I think it is clear that they are not happy with their lives. This is like Russia in the 1900s when Lenin inspired the peasant people to rise up against the Tsar because their living conditions were not equal. Old Major then mentions that 'we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies'. This makes the animals think about how they are not given enough food, again this is similar to the peasants in Russia who had very little food compared to the ruling classes. I think that the animals are resentful that the humans get more food than they do.
Old Major’s speech in the opening of the novel helps to highlight a number of aspects of the theme of inequality, an important part of Orwell’s satire. He discusses how the animals are 'forced to work to the last atom of our strength'. From this it is clear to see that the animals are unhappy about the inequality that exists between their workload and that of the humans. The image of their 'last atom' of strength emphasises just how little is left of them once the humans have exploited them for labour. This was much the same in Russia during the early 1900s when peasant workers were taken advantage of by the Tsar of the time. Old Major then goes on to say that 'The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth'. The mention of 'slavery' especially highlights the inequality the animals experience, they are not merely workers, but slaves. This again highlights how many of the peasant workers felt in Russia before the revolution of 1917. Animal Farm is also a fable with a moral or lesson, Orwell wants the reader to learn from the speech of Old Major and question whether they are a victim of inequality.
Using the skills you’ve learnt and revised in this section, have a go at writing the Animal Farm essay. Time yourself and make sure you’re meeting the examiner’s Assessment Objectives.