Land use conflicts and solutions

The variety of different land uses, inevitably causes disagreement. Most of this conflict results from the mass influx of tourists, especially during the summer months.

As there are so many different landowners and land users many conflicts arise. We will focus on two and the various management strategies designed to minimise these conflicts.

Conflict 1: tourists vs farmers

Walkers leave gates openFarmers display 'keep gate closed' signs
Dogs chase sheepPark rangers are employed to prevent problems by encouraging responsible tourism
Stone walls are damagedVoluntary bodies, such as the National Trust, protect areas by buying land and buildings, and maintaining walls and footpaths
Farmers may restrict access to walkers at certain times, eg lambing seasonPark rangers liaise with different land users to minimise problems
Noise disturbs animalsVisitor centre staff aim to educate the public about the 'Outdoor Access Code'

Conflict 2: tourists vs locals

Increased litter National Parks have removed litter bins in the hope that people take their litter home
Traffic congestion at peak times impedes locals going about their daily businessOne-way systems, pedestrianised areas and improved public transport have been introduced to reduce the effect of traffic congestion
Footpath erosion results in visual pollution in popular walking areas, eg on the mountain HelvellynNational Park officers can build stone paths to reduce footpath erosion and put up signs to direct walkers along alternative routes
More noise and air pollution from heavy visitor trafficRail and bus services have been improved to reduce the number of cars in the national park
Services may close as second home owners are not permanent residentsWeekly vans providing services to small villages, eg mobile library
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