Earthquakes are caused by the release of built-up pressure at plate boundaries. They can destroy buildings and infrastructure. Tsunami can also occur, with equally devastating and deadly effects.
What is an earthquake?
The sudden and brief period of intense ground shaking
Where magma is erupted from the Earth
The movement of Earth's plates creating new land
At which plate boundaries do you find earthquakes?
Conservative and destructive
Constructive and destructive
Destructive, constructive and conservative
What is the point in the Earth's crust where the earthquake originates known as?
What is the point on the Earth's surface directly above where the earthquake originates?
What piece of equipment measures earthquakes?
What is an example of a social impact?
A landslide triggered by the earthquake
Deaths and injury to people
What is an example of a response which helps reduce the impact of an earthquake?
Water and powerlines are disrupted
Pop-up hospitals could be erected
New homes are built to be earthquake-proof
How has the UK helped low income countries (LIC) such as Nepal after a natural disaster?
Providing specialist and expert advice and equipment
Building new homes for these countries
Doing nothing because it is the LIC’s issue
What usually triggers a tsunami?
A tropical cyclone
What are the main characteristics of a tsunami?
Large waves able to travel long distances
Small waves that cause minimal coastal damage
Medium-sized waves caused by high winds