Cell structure

Animal cells and plant cells have certain structures in common.

StructureFunction
CytoplasmWhere most of the chemical reactions happen
NucleusContains genetic material which controls the cell’s activities
Cell membraneControls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
MitochondriaWhere most energy is released in respiration
RibosomesWhere protein synthesis happens

Plant cells have additional structures.

StructureFunction
ChloroplastsAbsorb light energy for photosynthesis
Cell wallStrengthens the cell and supports the plant
Permanent vacuoleFilled with cell sap to help keep the cell turgid

Animal cells may also have vacuoles, but these are small and temporary.

Animal and plant cells. Both share cytoplasm, nucleus, ribosome, mitochondrion and cell membrane. Plant cells have chloroplast, vacuole and cell wall.