Animal cells and plant cells have certain structures in common.
|Cytoplasm||Where most of the chemical reactions happen|
|Nucleus||Contains genetic material which controls the cell’s activities|
|Cell membrane||Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell|
|Mitochondria||Where most energy is released in respiration|
|Ribosomes||Where protein synthesis happens|
Plant cells have additional structures.
|Chloroplasts||Absorb light energy for photosynthesis|
|Cell wall||Strengthens the cell and supports the plant|
|Permanent vacuole||Filled with cell sap to help keep the cell turgid|
Animal cells may also have vacuoles, but these are small and temporary.