The German case system

In German, many words change their form or add different endings according to their function in a sentence. For example, they change depending on whether the word is the subject or the object of the sentence. These changes and different endings are called ‘cases’.

There are four cases in German:

  • nominative
  • accusative
  • genitive
  • dative
Four cases stacked on top of each other, labelled Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative.