Get started

When talking about holidays, it is important to know the names of countries you might visit.

Countries on map of Europe labelled by numbers

Los países de Europa

Countries:Nationalities/languages:
Alemania, Escocia, España, Francia, Gales, Grecia, Inglaterra, Irlanda, Irlanda del Norte, Las Islas Canarias, Italiaalemán, británico, escocés, español, francés, galés, griego, inglés, irlandés, italiano, norirlandés
Question

Look at the map and complete the table by putting the words (in the box above) in the correct spaces. The first one has been done for you.

Name of country (English)Name of country (Spanish)Nationality/language
1EnglandInglaterrainglés
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Name of country (English)Name of country (Spanish)Nationality/language
1EnglandInglaterrainglés
2ScotlandEscociaescocés
3WalesGalesgalés
4Northern IrelandIrlanda del Nortenorirlandés
5IrelandIrlandairlandés
6GermanyAlemaniaalemán
7FranceFranciafrancés
8SpainEspañaespañol
9ItalyItaliaitaliano
10GreeceGreciagriego
11Canary IslandsLas Islas Canariasespañol
curriculum-key-fact
If you want to say that you are from Great Britain in Spanish, then the name to use is Gran Bretaña. Somebody who describes themselves as British is británico. The Spanish for United Kingdom is el Reino Unido.

Most adjectives that end in -n or -s do not have separate feminine forms, eg:

  • un abrigo marrón (a brown overcoat)
  • una camisa marrón (a brown shirt)
  • un abrigo gris (a grey overcoat)
  • una camisa gris (a grey shirt)

However, adjectives of nationality ending in -n or -s do have separate feminine forms in both the singular and the plural.

Masculine (singular and plural)Feminine (singular and plural)
un chico alemán (a German boy)una chica alemana (a German girl)
unos chicos alemanes (some German boys)unas chicas alemanas (some German girls)
un chico inglés (an English boy)una chica inglesa (an English girl)
unos chicos ingleses (some English boys)unas chicas inglesas (some English girls)

(Note the loss of the accent in all forms but the masculine singular.)

Here is some more useful vocabulary connected with countries and continents.

castellanoCastillian (ie Spanish as spoken in Spain)
catalánCatalan
EuropaEurope
europeoEuropean
los Estados UnidosUnited States
norteamericanoNorth American
latinoamericanoLatin American
sudamericanoSouth American