German troops march into Czechoslovakia
On 15 March 1939, German troops marched into Czechoslovakia. They took over Bohemia, and established a protectorate over Slovakia.
Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia was the end of appeasement for several reasons:
- it proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich
- it showed that Hitler was not just interested in a
Greater Germany (the Czechs were not Germans)
- 17 March 1939: Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not trust Hitler not to invade other countries
- 31 March 1939: Chamberlain guaranteed to defend Poland if Germany invaded
The takeover of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, allowed Germany to strengthen.
- the large Czech army was removed as a threat
- Czech airfields that were in range of many German cities were lost
- the Czech armaments industry, including the Skoda works were taken over by Germany after March 1939. The German army took over large numbers of Czech tanks