There are various beliefs in Buddhism that are centred around reaching enlightenment and ending suffering (also called dukkha.
The Buddha taught that all human experience is ultimately tainted by dukkha. Often translated as suffering, dukkha refers also to the sense of unsatisfactoriness, which the Buddha believed was ever-present. The Buddha taught that dukkha has various causes and effects. The idea of kamma (kamma is also known as karma) is that actions have consequences.
The Wheel of Life (Bhavachakra) represents the idea in Buddhism of life, death and rebirth. This idea is also known as samsara. Buddhists believe that what they are reborn as in future will depend on how they live their current life. For example, if a person lives a good life and has good kamma, they will be reborn into a better realm.
The Wheel of Life is a way of picturing the beliefs of samsara. The wheel has seven elements:
The Four Noble Truths are one of the most important teachings of the Buddha. They consist of the following ideas: