Nuclear power

In 2018, nuclear energy generated around one fifth of the country's electricity. A huge amount of energy can be produced through the nuclear process using a relatively small amount of uranium. The energy is produced as heat through the fission process.

The process of how fission generates energy from one neutron to splitting of a uranium atom to form nuclear energy.

Atoms are split, and this energy is used to convert water into super-heated steam. This spins turbines connected to electrical generators to produce electricity.

Advantages of nuclearDisadvantages of nuclear
No harmful gases are released in the processNuclear power stations have to close after around 40 years of use when the uranium becomes less efficient at heating the water
More efficient than fossil fuelsDisposal of uranium is difficult and costly
Cost of nuclear power stations is very large