The Apostles’ Creed, the most widely used declaration of Christian belief, begins with the words: I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.

This statement shows the importance of the Christian belief that God created the world. Most Christians believe that the world is evidence that God exists. St Paul explains this in the Bible:

For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made.Romans 1:20

Creation in Genesis

Genesis is the first book of the Bible, and in its first two chapters (Genesis 1 and 2) readers are given accounts of the creation of the world: In the beginning, God created the heavens and the Earth. (Genesis 1:1)

The third chapter tells the story of how the first humans, Adam and Eve, disobeyed God, bringing sin into the world.

Genesis 1

The first chapter of Genesis describes the creation of Heaven and the Earth, explaining how:

  • God is the only creator.
  • God existed before he created the world.
  • The world was well planned and is sustained by God.
  • God blessed creation – all creation is holy.
  • God created everything in Heaven and on Earth in six days.
  • On the seventh day, God rested.
A visual representation of the days of Creation, from Genesis 1.

The Word and the Holy Spirit in creation

Christians believe that all three persons of the Trinity were present at the creation of the world. God the Father is the creator, but Genesis 1 shows that the Holy Spirit also had a role:

The Spirit of God was hovering over the water. And God said, ‘Let there be light.’ And there was light.Genesis 1:2–3

The Gospel of John describes the role of Jesus in creation, referring to him as the ‘Word’:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made. (John 1:1–3)


According to Genesis 1, what did God create on the third day of creation?

The sun, moon and stars.