Jews believe that the non-physical nature of God makes it difficult for humans to understand him. However, Jews feel they can learn more about God and his characteristics from the Tenakh.
Belief in one God (monotheism) is central to the Jewish faith. Jews believe that God is the only being who should be worshipped.
The Shema is a prayer from the Torah that is used in morning and evening services in synagogues to express belief in one God. Many Jews try to recite the Shema twice a day. The words of the Shema are:
Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one (Deuteronomy 6:4). In full, the Shema consists of three paragraphs of verses taken from the books of Deuteronomy and Numbers.
Genesis, the first book of the Torah, explains Jewish religious teachings about how the world was created. The creation story in Genesis shows how God made the world and everything in it in six days and then rested on the seventh.
Genesis describes how God said,
There shall be light (Genesis 1:3–5), which brought light into existence. God then separated light and dark to make day and night.
Genesis says repeatedly that God regarded everything he created as
good. The first chapter of Genesis (1:26–8) states that God made men and women on the sixth day of creation. They were created by God in his
image and likeness. Jews take this as evidence that God gave humans dominion over his creation, meaning that humans have a special responsibility to lead creation and look after the Earth. God also commanded the first humans to reproduce and fill the Earth with people.
Jews believe that God created humans to live in a certain way, and he gave them many religious laws to help them live in a way that pleases him. These laws are called mitzvot, and there are 613 of these laws in the Torah.
Jews believe that God will judge Jewish people on how well they have kept his laws. Those who have lived righteously will be rewarded but those who have not will be punished. Jews believe that God judges how good or bad people have been in order to decide their destiny in the afterlife. Many Jews believe that there will be a final Day of Judgement that will occur after the coming of the Messiah.
God will bring every deed into judgement … whether it is good or evil.Ecclesiastes 12:14
Jews believe that God is complex and has many qualities. They believe that God is:
According to Genesis 1, what did God create on the sixth day?