From the effects of drugs, to peer pressure, to difficult upbringings, there are many theories about the cause of crime. Different theories focus on the choices of individuals or on social circumstances.
Which one of the following statements best relates to the collectivist approach?
Longer prison sentences would deter criminals
The police and courts should have more powers
Social conditions such as poor quality housing should be improved
What does the nature argument believe is the cause of crime?
A person being born predisposed to committing criminal acts
A combination of being born predisposed to committing criminal acts and their experiences while growing up
The environment in which a person is brought up
For some types of less serious offending the peak age for criminality is 15 to 17 years. Which one of the following statements is correct?
Peer pressure is the main cause of offending in the 15 to 17 year old age group.
Criminologists view peer pressure as being an unimportant factor in relation to 15 to 17 year olds committing crime.
Criminologists are divided as to the extent to which they believe peer pressure has an impact on offending within the 15 -17 age group.
Which of the following is seen as a cause of crime?
Poverty and parental neglect only
Low self-esteem and drug addiction only
All of the above
Which one of the following statements best describes the UK government’s approach to crime?
The UK government takes a purely individualist approach to crime
The UK government takes a purely collectivist approach to crime
The UK government takes a mix of collectivist and individualist approaches to crime